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The Historical Contribution of Asian Civilization
DATE:2019-04-21COME:ZHIDE VIEW:892

As a continent of the world, Asia accounts for 29.4% of the total land area of the world. Its population accounts for 60% of the world's total population, and now it has more than 4 billion people. Throughout the ages, every component of Asia, whether in East Asia, Southeast Asia or in South Asia, West Asia and Central Asia, has contributed to the formation and development of Asian civilization and played their respective roles in the formation and development of world civilization.

Asia contributed a lot to the ancient world civilization. For nearly two thousand years, Asia has been the most important force to promote world development.

Asia was the earliest settlement of mankind. In ancient times, there were many alluvial plains along rivers in various regions of Asia. Ancient agriculture was the first place to emerge and develop in these areas, where people built their families, families, States and states on the basis of agricultural economy. Because agricultural economy and peasant life are relatively stable and stable, which is conducive to the formation and development of civilization, Asia has become an important birthplace of human civilization. At first, several ancient civilizations such as the two rivers civilization in West Asia, the Chinese civilization in East Asia and the Indian civilization in South Asia were produced, and they also had an important impact on the formation of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations in Europe. American historian Will Durant pointed out that "Greek civilization is the envy of the world, but in fact, most of its civilization comes from the cities of the Near East", "The Near East is really the creator of Western civilization". Former Greek Prime Minister Papandreou also said, "Ancient Greece learned a lot from India, Persia, Egypt and other ancient civilizations. Greek city-states, like sponges, drew new knowledge and advanced experience from the influx."

Asia not only contributed tremendously to the ancient world civilization, but also occupied the vast majority of the world economy in the nearly two thousand years from the late B.C. to the mid-19th century. Asia, especially China and India, has been the most important force in promoting world development in economy and science and technology.

According to statistics, by 1750, China accounted for 32% and India 24% of the world economy at that time, while Britain, France, Prussia, Russia and Italy accounted for 17% in Europe. Martin Jacques, a British scholar, wrote in his book The Great Power Ambition: "Until 1800, Europe was not as good as China in terms of marketization, agricultural development, urbanization, living standards and total economic output." Thames World History also wrote that throughout the early modern times, "the economies of the East were much larger than those of Europe", "Asia, not Europe, was the centre of world industry"; "From 1500 to 1750, Asia produced about 80% of the world's products at that time, in other words, two-thirds of the world's population, and four-fifths of the world's people. So, in the nearly three centuries after 1500, Asians have the most productive economies. Asia, especially China, India and Arab-Islamic countries, has long been the world leader in the development of economy, culture and science and technology. The emergence of the European Renaissance Movement and the rise of the European bourgeois revolution and industrial revolution provided important conditions in terms of ideology, culture, economy and technology, and even had a foundational impact.

When Europe was still in the darkness of the Middle Ages, the Abbas Dynasty in the Arab region launched the famous "Centennial Translation Movement" in the hundred years from 830 to 930 A.D. to spread to Europe the historical books of ancient Greece and Rome preserved in the Arab region and the achievements of the Arabs in their development, as well as the digital system of India and the ancient inventions of China. The European Renaissance provided a beacon. For such contributions from Eastern Arabia and other regions, it can be said that they are well-known among Western scholars and intellectuals. American historian Hitti believes that "the rediscovery, revision and supplement of ancient science and philosophy are all due to the efforts of Arab scholars. Only with their efforts can the Renaissance of Western Europe be possible." British scholars Thomas Arnold, Alfred Guillaume and Wales pointed out that "Islam's brilliance, like the moon, illuminates the darkness of medieval Europe, and is the manifestation and guidance of Islamic civilization for the great Renaissance movement". Without Islamic culture, European society is at least 200 years behind. Former President Nixon of the United States also said, "When Europe was still in the ignorance of the Middle Ages, Islamic civilization was experiencing its golden age." When the great men of the Renaissance of Europe opened up the boundaries of knowledge, they could see farther because they were standing on the shoulders of Muslim giants.

The contribution of Chinese civilization to the formation of modern European civilization is also praised by Western scholars and intellectuals. From the end of the 17th century to the end of the 18th century, a century-old "Chinese Culture Fever" appeared in Europe. French scholar Maurice Roban said, "In the West of the Enlightenment, China was ubiquitous." American scholar Stavrianos said: "In the 17th and early 18th centuries, China had a much greater impact on Europe than Europe had on China. Westerners are completely fascinated by China's history, art, philosophy and politics." Marx once put China's papermaking, printing, gunpowder, compass here.

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