This is part of the speech delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping at the seminar on the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China on January 5, 2013.
First, socialism with Chinese characteristics is socialism rather than any other doctrine. The basic principles of scientific socialism can not be lost, and it is not socialism if lost. Our Party has always stressed that socialism with Chinese characteristics not only adheres to the basic principles of scientific socialism, but also endows it with distinct Chinese characteristics in accordance with the conditions of the times. That is to say, socialism with Chinese characteristics is socialism, not any other doctrine. What kind of doctrine a country implements depends on whether this doctrine can solve the historic problems it faces. During the period of poverty and weakness of the Chinese nation, when people were at the mercy of others, all kinds of doctrines and ideological trends attempted. The road of capitalism was not open. Reformism, liberalism, social Darwinism, anarchism, pragmatism, populism, and trade unionism also "You're singing me out", but they failed to solve the problems of China's future and destiny. It is Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought that guided the Chinese people out of the long night and established a new China. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has made China develop rapidly. Not to mention the earlier period, since the beginning of reform and opening up, especially after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the dramatic changes in Eastern Europe, the public opinion of China has been singing down all over the world, and all kinds of "China's collapse theory" have never been interrupted. However, instead of collapse, China's comprehensive national strength is increasing day by day, and people's living standards are constantly improving. "The landscape is unique here." History and reality tell us that only socialism can save China and only socialism with Chinese characteristics can develop China, which is the conclusion of history and the choice of the people.
In recent years, some public opinions at home and abroad have raised the question whether China is currently engaged in socialism or not. Some people say that it is "capital socialism", while others simply say that it is "state capitalism" and "new bureaucratic capitalism". These are totally wrong. We say that socialism with Chinese characteristics is socialism, that is, no matter how we reform and open up, we must always adhere to the socialist road with Chinese characteristics, the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and the basic requirements for the new victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics put forward by the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China. This includes, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, basing on the basic national conditions, taking economic construction as the center, adhering to the four basic principles, adhering to reform and opening up, liberating and developing social productive forces, building a socialist market economy, socialist democratic politics, socialist advanced culture, socialist harmonious society and socialist ecological civilization, promoting the all-round development of human beings, and gradually realizing it. At present, all the people are well-off and building a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized and harmonious socialist modern country, including adhering to the fundamental political system of the people's Congress system, the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation led by the Communist Party of China, the system of regional national autonomy and the system of grass-roots mass autonomy, and the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, with public ownership as the main body. The basic economic system for the common development of multi-ownership economies. These are the contents that embody the basic principles of scientific socialism under the new historical conditions. If we lose these, we will not become socialism.
Comrade Deng Xiaoping once profoundly and conclusively pointed out: "Our modernization must proceed from the reality of China. Regardless of revolution or construction, we should pay attention to learning from foreign experience. However, copying other countries'experiences and models has never been successful. We have learned a lot in this respect. In the past, we could not carry out the overall Soviet transformation, nor can we now engage in the overall Westernization or any other transformation. After the end of the cold war, many developing countries were forced to adopt the Western model. As a result, party disputes, social unrest and people's displacement have been difficult to stabilize. "Zhuangzi Qiushui" wrote: "Qiezi did not listen to Fushouling Yuzi's learning in Handan and? If you don't get the national power, you'll lose it and go straight to your ears." We must not "learn to walk in Handan and lose their old ways". We are just sinicizing Marxism and building socialism with Chinese characteristics. In recent years, with the rise of China's comprehensive national strength and international status, there have been more international discussions and studies on "Beijing Consensus", "China Model" and "China Road", among which there are many praisers. Some foreign scholars believe that the rapid development of China has led to some Western theories being questioned, and a new version of Marxist theory is subverting the traditional Western theories. We have always believed that the development path of each country should be chosen by its people. The so-called "China Model" is the socialist road with Chinese characteristics created by the Chinese people in their struggle practice. We firmly believe that with the continuous development of socialism with Chinese characteristics, our system will become more and more mature, the superiority of our socialist system will be further revealed, our road will be wider and wider, and our road of development will have more and more influence on the world. We need to have such road self-confidence, theoretical self-confidence, system self-confidence, and truly achieve the goal of "hard work and perseverance, east, west, north and south wind of Rener".
Second, our Party has led the people in socialist construction through two experiences before and after the reform and opening-up.